The title of your dissertation should be such that it can easily be reformulated into a question. Unfortunately, it is not customary to call a dissertation in the form of a question, but in your head you should have an interrogative sentence. You need to know exactly what you want to learn and tell your readers.
Thesis structure of your thesis
When there is a question, it becomes clear on which parts it needs to be divided – and these are the chapters of your dissertation. The system of questions turns out – this is the structure of your work.
All this structure should be in your head from the very beginning of work. You cannot think that at first you will study something, and then develop a structure. As long as you have no questions, you are working with dead material: if you do not ask about anything, then he will not tell you anything.
The questions (and, correspondingly, the contents of the chapters) are refined and changed. If the original plan has not changed, then it’s a bit suspicious. This means that probably you did not study and did not ponder, but you adjusted the material to the existing questions and, most likely, the answers. The original structure is revised. But it is the original structure that is the direction of your movement. In some situations, you can even understand that you have reached a dead end.
Remember that you can write a good job with the wrong work plan, but you cannot without a plan.
The sooner you complete the structure, the more likely you are to have a good and unprofitable job for yourself.
The choice of topic and the use of personal experience
The topic should be foreseeable and feasible. Do not swing and do not put superglobals.
Too global task takes you aside. Better then expand the topic, than to aim at something for which there is not enough time. It is very useful to find optics, through which you can reflect your professional activities through analytical procedures and research questions. This is one of the possible heuristic techniques. Personal experience has the dignity that it is your own and not falsifiable. On any subject there is an expert who knows more than you. But you know the best about your own experience.
Introduction and conclusion of thesis
The main part of your dissertation, of course, is the introduction. This is basic. Often opponents do not read further. It’s bad, but it’s true. Even if a person reads a thesis to the end, then his idea of the work is formed in the introduction. The introduction can range from a fifth to a quarter of your work.
1. First of all, this is the rationale for the topic: why write about it at all? What is interesting here, why the topic deserves attention? Here, the research question is formulated. Your task is to explain why it is important to deal with this issue.
2. Next, the question arises: what is already known about this? What answers were given to him? on which parts of this question have already tried to answer? You must draw the basic positions: this question is illuminated by such and such authors. It is not necessary to state their positions in full. You retell only what is relevant to your research question, do not retell the entire study.
Some topics are very well studied. Then you select several sources. If the topic is poorly understood, then it is desirable to cover all the work. And then, after seeing what has already been done, you understand what you have to do.
3. And the third mandatory part of your introduction is an explanation of the structure of your work: how do you break your main research question into smaller ones.
The rest is up to you.
The second important point is the conclusion. It is usually shorter than the introduction. And here there are two options:
1. Summarize: what questions asked, what answers were received
2. To show the perspective: if I began to write a sequel, then what would I write about …
Two options are easy to combine.